Every woman has different uniqueness and endurance when passing through menstruation. the natural process of women at this productive age often must be overcome with extreme pain or emotional changes that become more irritable and irritable which is usually called PMS and PMDD.
The cause of a woman’s mood is unstable before menstruation is apparently not due to hormones. But because of the occurrence of brain cell responses called gamma-amino butyric acid (GABA) receptors.
It is known from the results of a study conducted by scanning the brains of women suffering from Premenstrual Dysphonic Disorder (PMDD) or types of premenstrual dysphonic disorders, PMDD symptoms can actually be more severe than those experienced by women with Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS).
The results of scans on several female brains with PMDD showed an increase in activity in the cerebellum in the fom1 of a high spike which indicates a worsening emotional condition. The function of GABA cells in the brain is to limit activities associated with stress and anxiety. In women who suffer from PMDD, the hom1one progesterone will change the shape of the GABA receptor in the cerebellum which can cause cells to have difficulty controlling feelings of anxiety and stress.
Between 3 and 8 percent of women who suffer from PM DD experience severe depression one or two weeks before menstrual time arrives, and extreme irritation is usually the most important symptom. Whereas PMS has milder symptoms that usually involve changes in shape as well as pain in several points of the body.
Women with a family history of depression or who have previously experienced postpartum depression have an increased risk of PMDD, which is included in the list of mental illnesses of the American Psychiatric Association (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders).
Women can be diagnosed with PMDD if they have at least the following five symptoms during menstruation:
1. Deep sadness or despair, with the possibility of suicidal thoughts.
2. Long-lasting complexity and anger, which may include frequent explosions for loved ones.
3. Tense or anxious feelings, panic attacks, mood swings, excessive crying.
4. Uninterested in daily activities and relationships.
5. Difficulty thinking or focusing, feeling out of control or overwhelmed, fatigue, lack of energy, cravings for food or overeating.
These symptoms will usually disappear soon after menstruation begins. If you ﬁnd that the symptoms persist throughout the month, that means PMDD is no longer because it could be a symptom of other mental or physical illness. To reduce pain when PMDD and PMS experts advise women to change their lifestyle to be healthier, by exercising because physical activity can improve mood and depression. Because it is believed that endorphins brain chemicals released during exercise can help overcome some of the hormonal changes that trigger PMS. But for women with severe PMDD and PMS, medication is needed to ease it.
Here are some treatment options that are useful to help stabilize mood swings and improve women’s emotional health during menstruation in the weeks before menstruation:
1. Avoiding coffee, alcohol, and sweets for two weeks before the menstrual period, can make a difference in mood because caffeine can increase anxiety, anxiety, and insomnia. While reducing alcohol can also help because alcohol acts as a depressant. Not consuming sweets, soda, and other sweet foods, especially in the week before the menstrual period, can help relieve severe PMS symptoms by preventing mood swings associated with ﬂuctuations in low blood sugar which can cause sadness and irritability.
2. Perform relaxation techniques such as meditation, deep breathing, and yoga to reduce excessive stress, if needed go to the place of individual or group therapy that can be useful as an effective PMS treatment, especially for women with mood swings and severe emotional changes.
3. Taking an antidepressant drug called selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRls) that can change the level of serotonin in the brain has proven beneﬁcial for women with severe PMS and PMDD. In fact, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved three of these drugs – Zoloft (sertraline), Prozac or Sarafem (ﬂuoxetine), and Paxil CR (paroxetine) – for the treatment of PMDD.